What is Hemangioma and can it be treated?

Having a Hemangioma mark on your loved one’s skin can be a bit overwhelming and scary, but in the majority of cases, they go away on their own without any treatment. Hemangioma marks are often noticed in the first month of child’s life and disappear up to the age of 10. Many of our readers have asked several questions related to this birthmark which has to lead us to write this post describing, “What is Hemangioma and can it be treated?” Follow us through this post and we will try our best to describe its causes, signs, symptoms, risk factors, analysis, and treatment.

Hemangioma

Hemangioma is quite common and is characterized as a benign tumor of the endothelial cells that block blood vessels and results in a large number of abnormal or normal blood vessels filled with blood. The first stage of rapid production lasts up to the first year of child’s life and then starts to heal dramatically. This is the most occurring tumor in infancy and is three times quite common in females as compared to males. Overall, it is mostly seen in premature infants.

This disease is also known as strawberry mark and can result in superficial or deep hemangioma. A deep hemangioma is the production of certain vessels in deep layers of skin that can be slightly raised or flat and may appear dusky or bluish. On the other hand, superficial hemangioma is often red or pink in color and goes beyond or rises upward of the skin surface. In some cases, hemangiomas appear to be both deep and superficial.

There are a number of types that occur in almost 20% of cases containing few small lesions growing on the skin. Effects of multiple hemangiomas on the skin appear more rapidly than solitary lesions that are completed until first 2 years of child’s life.



Complications in Hemangioma

Complications in hemangioma add up bleeding, ulceration and infection with briskly and raised marks. Such conditions around the eye can have a diverse effect on a child’s vision permanently – preventing him from opening it until its effects slow down. Similarly, nasal or oral passages and anal or genital areas blocked by hemangioma can make the treatment even difficult.

Recent researches have shown some dramatic abnormalities inthe primary bone structure and various blood clotting disorders, caused due to the blood clotting cells blocked by hemangioma, resulting in the reduced presence of platelets in the body. In such cases, treatment of hemangioma should be initiated as soon as possible, because this condition can be life-threatening or result into permanent marks. Some more complications of hemangioma are as follows

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Breathing and eating issues
  • Psychological and physical skin problems
  • Bleeding in case hemangioma is injured

Causes of Hemangioma

The exact cause of the development of hemangioma is still unknown, they are just an unusually large number of extra blood vessels that may be

  • Capillary Hemangioma: Occurs in the top skin layers
  • Cavernous Hemangioma: Occurs deeper in the skin

Experts aren’t sure yet the exact reason of their development and why blood vessels group like this, however, they’re certainly sure that hemangioma is caused by some protein that grows in the time when you’re still in the womb. This can occur on the upper or fatty layer underneath of the skin that prior appears to be a red mark on the skin. Later on, it starts to go beyond and grow upward from the skin.

Symptoms of Hemangioma

Here is the list of signs and symptoms of hemangioma:

  • There are not any prominent symptoms of hemangioma unless they’re present at any sensitive part of the body. Hemangiomas can cause serious problems if they grow rapidly in size or if there are multiple of them.
  • Hemangiomas are often birthmarks; however, they may not be prominent or visible until few months of one’s life.
  • A hemangioma grows rapidly during the first year of child’s life and is spongy in consistency that sticks out of the skin.
  • Hemangiomas are usually pink or red in color due to which they are also called strawberry marks. And usually a single mark is present on the body, but in some cases, there may be more than one mark.
  • Seek medical assistance as soon as possible if hemangioma starts to bleed or there is a development of sore because this can cause infection and can result in serious problems.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Treatment of Hemangioma

Now come to the real question, “Can it is treated?” Most types of hemangiomas do not require any specific treatment. If the hemangioma mark is placed where it can have disfigurement or embarrassment, then treatment may be able to avoid some physical, social, or psychological issues of the child. However, it is greatly recommended to leave this mark alone as long as it is not causing any problem. Hemangioma often fades without any treatment over time and no mark will remain until the age of 10.

On the other hand, if the hemangioma is causing any problems to your child i.e. breathing, eating, or bleeding. Or if it is present in a sensitive region of the body, then seek medical assistance as soon as possible. In some cases, corticosteroids are injected into hemangioma to reduce its intensity, its side effects include hypertension, slow growth of the baby, cataracts etc. In case hemangiomas are present on sensitive regions, you can avail laser surgery that helps in removing or stopping the growth of hemangiomas. It can also be used to remove sores produced by it. Today, there are certain cases where surgical removal of hemangioma is preferred because of their large size or if they cause pain. Modern experimental removal method of hemangioma includes topical immune suppressants, beta blockers, and interferon alfa etc; although researchers are still finding is its exact causes.

Here’s a helpful video to watch

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We hope we have answered some of your questions and concerns about What is Hemangioma and can it be treated?

Please feel free to share and comment about your own experiences with Hemangioma.

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