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What types of Eczema are there?

The types of Eczema can be difficult to diagnose, but it is paramount to treating it.

So here’s a list of the different types of Eczema.

( Please always see a doctor for a formal diagnosis )

Atopic Dermatitis

There are many types of Eczema and in this article, we investigate and identify the most common forms. The term “atopic” means there is a hereditary tendency to develop eczema, asthma and/or hay fever. This is the most common form of eczema, affecting an estimated 9 to 30 percent of the U.S. population.

Atopic eczema is more common in children and is only one Types of Eczema to affect children and Adults, often developing before their first birthday. Symptoms include dry, scaly skin, redness, itching, a rash on the cheeks, arms and legs, and cracks behind the ears.

Contact Dermatitis

It is a type of eczema that occurs when your skin comes into contact with irritants or allergens (called triggers), resulting in redness, inflammation, itchiness and/or pain. There are two kinds of contact dermatitis: irritant and allergic.

The common triggers of irritant contact dermatitis are solvents, detergents, paint, pesticides, bleach, and fumes. On the other hand, allergic dermatitis (also called allergic eczema) can be triggered by topical antibiotics, adhesives, fabrics and poison ivy.The substance could be one of the thousands of known allergens and irritants. Some of these substances may cause both irritant contact dermatitis and allergic contact dermatitis

Dyshidrotic Eczema

When you have small, itchy blisters on the edges of your fingers, toes, palms, and soles of the feet, you may have dyshidrotic eczema. It is characterized by vesicles, which are small fluid-filled blisters. The other symptoms are itching, redness, flaking, pain and cracked or scaly skin. A more appropriate term for this vesicular eruption is pompholyx, which means bubble.

Nummular Eczema

Also known as discoid eczema, this form of eczema can occur at any age. It is harder to treat and appears differently from the common types of eczema. If you have this condition, you develop coin-shaped spots that can be very itchy. You may get dry, scaly skin and wet, open sores as well. These spots are often itchy and well-defined. They may ooze clear fluid or become dry and crusty.

Stasis Dermatitis

This is a skin condition that usually affects individuals who have poor circulation and typically occurs in the lower legs. You are at most risk for developing stasis dermatitis if you are over the age of 50. The common symptoms of stasis dermatitis are swelling around the ankles, redness, scaling, itching, and pain. Be careful not to confuse this type of Eczema which other that have similar symptoms.

Seborrheic Eczema

If you have skin flakes on your hair, scalp, eyebrows, mustache or beard, you may have seborrheic dermatitis. It is commonly known as dandruff, which makes the skin fall off in flakes. One of the most common causes is dry skin, which is often a sign of omega-3 deficiency. It is also believed to be related to the overgrowth of Malassezia globosa, a yeast normally found in your skin’s oil secretion. People of any age can develop seborrheic dermatitis including infants (known as “cradle cap”).


Neurodermatitis generally begins with a patch of itchy skin that becomes itchier the more you scratch it. This itch-scratch cycle often causes your skin to thicken and become leathery. You can also develop raised, rough patches that are red or darker than the surrounding skin. It typically develops on your neck, wrist, forearm, thigh or ankle.

It is crucial to know which type of eczema you have because this will help determine the best treatment for your condition. More importantly, this will allow you to pinpoint your triggers, and manage your symptoms successfully.

Eczema and Allergies, what are the connections? Click this link to find out.

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